Military Chaff and Chemtrails
Here is an interesting video (albeit several years old) that references chemtrails. The meteorologist is David Payne who works for news station channel KWTV 9 out of Oklahoma City. In his 5 o'clock weather segment, he mentions the military releasing "chaff" into the air. Was this a Chemtrail Slip-up? Watch the video and then I will explain a little about what chaff is, the history of the military "tool", as well as its uses and effects.
What is Chaff? Chaff is a cloud of fibers bound in chemicals that are released into the atmosphere leaving a cloud like streak behind, more often called "chemtrails" in popular culture. These lines spread out into foggy appearing colored chemical clouds in the sky. Here are other mentions of chaff by new anchors:
"Military Chaff" is a radar countermeasure and defense mechanism to avoid detection and attack from air defense systems. It's most commonly used as a training protocol for new pilots learning how to send false radar images or learning how to mask planes. When released, the chaff provides a temporary cloak against visibility, in other words it provides a smoke screen.
According to GlobalSecurity.org
When ejected from an aircraft, chaff forms the electromagnetic equivalent of a visual smoke screen that temporarily hides the aircraft from radar. Chaff also serves to decoy radar allowing aircraft to maneuver or egress from the area. It consists of small, extremely tie fibers of aluminum or aluminum-coated glass that disperse widely in the air when ejected from the aircraft and effectively reflect radar signals in various bands, in order to create a very large image of reflected signals ("return") on the radar screen. In the air, the initial burst from a chaff bundle forms a sphere that shows up on radar screens as an electronic cloud. The aircraft is obscured by the cloud, which confuses enemy radar. Since chaff can obstruct radar, its use is coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
There are two types of chaff currently being manufactured, one based on aluminum foil and the other aluminum coated fibers. The foil type is rarely used now, with the exception of the B-52 bomber most likely due to it larger size, and superior cloaking ability due to its size. Both forms are made as small and light as possible (measuring in mere microns) so as to suspend as long as possible in the air and float. A more recent type of chaff has been developed which is superfine, reducing overall fiber diameter from 25.4 to 17.8 microns. That is thinner than a human hair. The manufacture and use of chaff dates back to WW2 when lead was used in its manufacture, but no longer. According one GAO report: The "DOD continues to retain lead-based chaff in its inventory even though this type of chaff has not been manufactured since 1987 and is reportedly no longer in use".
According to one article:
The development of chaff as a radar countermeasure started in the Second World War by both the British and the Germans –each unaware they shared the same secret. In July1942, Lady Joan Curran investigated the idea of generating a cloud of false radar echoes by dumping packets of aluminium stripes from an aircraft. The invention originated from the idea by Doctor Reginald Victor Jones in 1937, that a piece of metal foil (Dipole) cut to half the wave-length of the transmitter radar frequency could be used dispersed from aircraft and create false target echos to deceive enemy radar operators. The invented device was code named Window by the British, Chaff by the Americans,and Duppel in Germany (named for the Berlin district where the first tests took place in 1942). However, Duppel saw limited use by the Germans during World War II as Field Marshall Goering thought it would invite retaliation. Thus, he ordered subsequent technical records destroyed.
Chaff is deployed in three possible ways:
Chaff C: Launched before the enemies targeting radar turns on. The aim is to provide numerous equally sized false targets-thus creating confusion to the firing unit in its target selection prior to launch. In order for the chaff clouds to be effective after deployment, one must maintain a similar course and speed to that of the true wind.
Chaff D: Launched just prior to when the active homing seeker of the in-flight enemy missile is believed to turned on and searching for its target based on its pre-programmed firing data. The aim is to distract the enemy missile from its intended target by creating additional false targets. As with Chaff C, it is imperative to maneuver and maintain a course and speed with that of the true wind.
Chaff S: Launched when the fired missile is locked-on to its intended victim. This is usually indicated by its flight path plus the electronic emission parametric search pattern changes detected by the victim’s Electronic Support (ES) sensor operator. The intent of Chaff S is to walk the missile away from its intended target by fooling the missile tracking sensors and having it track and follow the deployed chaff. However,instead of using true wind, the targeted ship needs to maneuver to create the desired relative wind and speed to cause separation and lure the missile to the deployed chaff. Because of the shorter timeline, Chaff S may be resown at rapid intervals to produce this desired effect
For a better understanding of missile defense countermeasures, the following video gives a good overview, though their example uses Mylar balloons the principles are the same. In reality, chaff functions as thousands of "tiny balloons' with their reflective aluminum based composition.
Health Effects of Chaff
The military denies any potential harm from chaff exposure. The chaff is dispersed by a flare event, and "Dud flares are rare ... so it is extremely unlikely that any location would experience a "build-up" of dud flare material in the environment. Flare ash is a by-product of combustion and is widely dispersed by winds. The likelihood that a sufficient quantity of chaff or flare ash would fall into a particular pond, stream, or estuary, to measurably affect its chemical makeup is remote" (GlobalSecurity.org)
Though build up of chaff may seem to present no possible harm, once it reaches the ground it does break down into particles small enough to inhale. The GAO admitted that there was not enough data to be conclusive and further data was needed. An Air Force report conceded "the potential for chaff to adversely affect the environment depends on the quantity deposited, the stability of the fibers and the condition of surrounding water and soil". The same report cites a 1972 report by the Canada Department of Agriculture that found chaff posed no health hazards to animals."Animals can inhale chaff particles, but the particles do not penetrate far into the respiratory system and can be easily cleared out," it states.
Furthermore, the GAO believes "that potential effects would not exceed air quality standards, even though explosive charges on impulse cartridges may result in minimal releases of particulates ... further study may be needed on the potential for short-term visibility impairment near training areas where large quantities of chaff are used. However, ... chaff dispersed over a wide area and settled quickly in particulate testing"
Though they will not readily admit that chaff has negative potential outcomes on human health, the report does address other issues.
DOD and other agencies have identified some unintended and potential side effects of chaff. Chaff can affect safety by interfering with air traffic control radar. Chaff can also affect weather radar observations and the operation of friendly radar systems, especially when vehicles stir up chaff that has settled on the ground. It has been reported that chaff has also caused power outages and damaged electrical equipment. Potential effects cited by Defense and other organizations include those on health and the environment. For example, the Air Force reported that chaff has a potential but remote chance of collecting in reservoirs and causing chemical changes that may affect water and the species that use it.
Here is a map from the GAO where they have admitted chaff use
Could the interference with air traffic control radar be a possible cause of plane crashes? "The primary safety concern is the potential for interference with FAA’s air traffic control radar but notes that DOD and FAA have agreed to restrict locations, altitudes, and times at which chaff can be used ... a newer type of chaff that does not interfere with FAA radar is readily available"
One family felt that the chaff was causing harm, widely reported at the time, they contacted the office of Iowa Senator Tom Harkin to report the constant criss-crossing of "chemtrails" in the sky above their neighborhood. They received back from the senator’s office the General Accounting Office (GAO) report on "military chaff" (that is referenced here) and the material safety data sheet for aluminum-coated fiberglass fibers being spread—seven days a week for several hours each day—in the skies above their home. After a hard rain the day before, they a noticed glittering substance and a pinkish-colored powder substance on the roof of their house. They then noticed the glittering substance on many surfaces, even the dashboard of the family car. Both substances were collected and sent to a lab for analysis. Among the substances found to be in the samples were several that should simply not be there: 6 bacteria, including anthrax and pneumonia; 9 chemicals including acetylcholine chloride; 26 heavy metals including arsenic, gold, lead,mercury, silver, uranium and zinc; 4 molds and fungi; 7 viruses; 2 cancers; 2 vaccines; and 2 sedatives.
Here is a video showing some of the chemtrails seen around Oklahoma City (though the map above fails to include the state of Oklahoma as a place where Chaff is sprayed):
It's doubtful that military chaff is solely responsible for the wide spread sightings of chemtrails, though in many areas the use of chaff does present a real concern. If you live anywhere near a military base, the repeated expose to aluminum particles could present health concerns. When you consider the Iowa family and their story, its clear that military chaff is not the only thing being sprayed down on us, this in fact represents a small scale problem. Other forms of "chaff" appear to be in use based on the chemical components list from their lab test. What reason would anyone have to put such agents into the atmosphere? Comment below with your thoughts.
Read the whole GAO report on Chaff by clicking here
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